Electric-field-induced capillary attraction between like-charged particles at liquid interfaces

M. G. Nikolaides, A. R. Bausch, M. F. Hsu, A. D. Dinsmore, M. P. Brenner, C. Gay, D. A. Weitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

292 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nanometre- and micrometre-sized charged particles at aqueous interfaces are typically stabilized by a repulsive Coulomb interaction. If one of the phases forming the interface is a nonpolar substance (such as air or oil) that cannot sustain a charge, the particles will exhibit long-ranged dipolar repulsion1; if the interface area is confined, mutual repulsion between the particles can induce ordering2 and even crystallization3,4. However, particle ordering has also been observed in the absence of area confinement5, suggesting that like-charged particles at interfaces can also experience attractive interactions6. Interface deformations are known to cause capillary forces that attract neighbouring particles to each other, but a satisfying explanation for the origin of such distortions remains outstanding7,8. Here we present quantitative measurements of attractive interactions between colloidal particles at an oil-water interface and show that the attraction can be explained by capillary forces that arise from a distortion of the interface shape that is due to electrostatic stresses caused by the particles' dipolar field. This explanation, which is consistent with all reports on interfacial particle ordering so far, also suggests that the attractive interactions might be controllable: by tuning the polarity of one of the interfacial fluids, it should be possible to adjust the electrostatic stresses of the system and hence the interparticle attractions. Lehrstuhl für Biophysik - E22, Technische Universität München, Germany (M.G.N. and A.R.B.).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-301
Number of pages3
JournalNature
Volume420
Issue number6913
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Nov 2002

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