Effects of antineoplastic agents on cytoplasmic and membrane-bound heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) levels

Matthias Gehrmann, Karin Pfister, Peter Hutzler, Robert Gastpar, Boris Margulis, Gabriele Multhoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Here we report on the study of the effects of different antineoplastic agents, including cytarabine, 4-hydroperoxyifosfamide, the activated form of ifosfamide, vincristine, and paclitaxel, with regard to their capacity to modulate the amount of cytoplasmic and membrane-bound heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70). Hsp70 levels were measured in the myelogenous leukemic cell line K562, in the human colon carcinoma cell line CX2, and in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) under physiological conditions (37°C), and following non-lethal heat shock at 41.8°C. A concentration of 1 μm and an incubation period of 2 h were determined as non-lethal, since none of the different antineoplastic agents induced necrosis or apoptosis in untreated or heat-shocked cells under these conditions. Our results show that tubulin-interacting agents, including vincristine and paclitaxel, but not DNA-interacting agents, including cytarabine and ifosfamide, selectively increase the amount of cytoplasmic Hsp70 in tumor and normal cells, as measured by semi-quantitative Western blot analysis. Mechanistically, a vincristine- and paclitaxel-induced tubulin assembly, as demonstrated by immunofluorescence microscopy, might be responsible for the elevated cytoplasmic Hsp70 levels. Interestingly, an increased membrane expression of Hsp70 following treatment with vincristine or paclitaxel was selectively observed on tumor cells, but not on normal cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1715-1725
Number of pages11
JournalBiological Chemistry
Volume383
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hsp70
  • Paclitaxel
  • Tubulin aggregates
  • Tumor cells
  • Vincristine

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