Effect of base hydrolysis on the chemical composition of organic matter of an acid forest soil

Cornelia Rumpel, Ariane Seraphin, Marie France Dignac, Walter Michaelis, Karin Eusterhues, Ingrid Kögel-Knabner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aliphatic components of soil organic matter (SOM) are supposed to be of major importance in terms of carbon stabilisation and may be part of the soil's stable carbon pool. Base hydrolysis releases ester-bound material, which represents a significant amount of OM. The aim was to evaluate the effect of this treatment on the chemical composition of (a) OM with increasing degree of humification and (b) OM with a considerable mineral matter content. Samples were taken from the litter layers (L and Of horizon) of a Dystric Cambisol. In addition, the humified Oh horizon containing considerable amounts of soil minerals and the mineral top soil (A horizon) were sampled. Samples were analysed for elemental and isotopic composition and chemical structure using 13C CPMAS NMR spectroscopy and pyrolysis GC mass spectrometry before and after base hydrolysis. Hydrolysis released 20% of carbon from horizons L and Of. Horizons containing OM with a high degree of decomposition and high mineral matter content (Oh and Ah) lost up to 41%. This may be related to (1) accumulation of aliphatic material with increasing humification and/or (2) solubilisation of other humic material due to the lack of specificity of the treatment. Structural analysis indicated that the material released by base hydrolysis contained similar amounts of aliphatic material in all four horizons. The contribution of O-alkyl carbon, assigned as polysaccharide-type material, to the solubilised OM was more important in the Oh and Ah horizons than in the L and Of horizons. In the former, the δ 13C value of the remaining OM increased and the OC/O ratio decreased, giving evidence that the material is either highly humified and/or depleted in compounds with a low 13C content. The organic matter remaining after base hydrolysis still contained 10-18% alkyl carbon. These results were corroborated by analytical pyrolysis, which indicated a preservation of alkane/alkene pairs in the Oh and Ah horizons. Most of the aliphatic material remained in the Oh and Ah horizons and may be explained either by a large contribution of non-ester bound compounds and/or interaction of aliphatic material with soil minerals, thereby rendering it non-extractable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-249
Number of pages11
JournalOrganic Geochemistry
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2005

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