Edgetic perturbation signatures represent known and novel cancer biomarkers

Evans Kataka, Jan Zaucha, Goar Frishman, Andreas Ruepp, Dmitrij Frishman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Isoform switching is a recently characterized hallmark of cancer, and often translates to the loss or gain of domains mediating protein interactions and thus, the re-wiring of the interactome. Recent computational tools leverage domain-domain interaction data to resolve the condition-specific interaction networks from RNA-Seq data accounting for the domain content of the primary transcripts expressed. Here, we used The Cancer Genome Atlas RNA-Seq datasets to generate 642 patient-specific pairs of interactomes corresponding to both the tumor and the healthy tissues across 13 cancer types. The comparison of these interactomes provided a list of patient-specific edgetic perturbations of the interactomes associated with the cancerous state. We found that among the identified perturbations, select sets are robustly shared between patients at the multi-cancer, cancer-specific and cancer sub-type specific levels. Interestingly, the majority of the alterations do not directly involve significantly mutated genes, nevertheless, they strongly correlate with patient survival. The findings (available at EdgeExplorer: “http://webclu.bio.wzw.tum.de/EdgeExplorer”) are a new source of potential biomarkers for classifying cancer types and the proteins we identified are potential anti-cancer therapy targets.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4350
JournalScientific Reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes

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