Economic Evaluation of Yield-Increasing Wheat Seeds Using a Distance Function Approach

Philipp Wree, Johannes Sauer, Stefan Wimmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


New wheat-breeding techniques, such as hybridization and genetic modification, show increasing yield potential. This study involves estimating multi-output multi-input production technology by stochastic frontier techniques to evaluate the economic value of this yield potential. An input-oriented distance function is formulated and applied to European Farm Accountancy Data of 23 European countries. Based on the analysis, an average shadow value is derived for the increase in the marginal yield of wheat that corresponded to 18.87 €/ha. Further, technical change, technical efficiency, and returns to scale are measured for different European regions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)610-633
Number of pages24
JournalAgricultural and Resource Economics Review
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2018


  • shadow value
  • stochastic distance frontier
  • wheat production


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