Disturbance development in an obstacle wake in a reacting hypersonic boundary layer

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The presented work is a continuation of the investigation of the influence of an isolated roughness on the laminarturbulent transition for hypersonic boundary-layer flows. The first part of the investigation describing the steady flow around a cuboid obstacle as it was flown in the Hypersonic Boundary-Layer Transition experiment was described by Stemmer et al. ["Hypersonic Boundary-Layer Flow with an Obstacle in Thermochemical Equilibrium and Nonequilibrium," Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets (in print)]. In the second part, stability investigations reveal odd and even instability modes being unstable in the wake. Direct numerical simulations are used to investigate the disturbance development of high-frequency velocity disturbances. The unsteady, fully three-dimensional direct numerical simulations under consideration of chemical equilibrium and nonequilibrium effects shed light on the role of the chemical models on the disturbance development. The chemical equilibrium case shows less damping of the disturbances in the integration domain compared to the perfect gas case. For the chemical nonequilibrium simulations, the disturbances are initially damped but experience amplification further downstream. Detailed investigations of the disturbance development in the wake flow are presented. The current results underline the necessity of the consideration of chemical nonequilibrium effects in direct numerical simulations of high-temperature boundary-layer transition from laminar to turbulent, even for moderate temperature and dissociation levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)945-960
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Spacecraft and Rockets
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2017


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