Distinct functions of interferon-γ for chemokine expression in models of acute lung inflammation

B. Neumann, K. Emmanuilidis, M. Stadler, B. Holzmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Challenge of the immune system with bacterial superantigens or endotoxin induces the systemic release of cytokines followed by lethal septic shock. The lung is particularly susceptible to systemic toxin exposure resulting in acute leucocyte infiltration and vascular damage. In the present study, the functions of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and tumour necrosis factor (TNF) for chemokine regulation during acute lung inflammation were examined. Following administration of the superantigen, staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB), lung mRNA levels of the chemokines cytokine-induced neutrophil chemo-attractant (KC), lipopolysaccharide-induced CXC chemokine (LIX), macrophage chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1α and MIP-2 were increased to a similar extent both in controls and in mice deficient for the IFN-γ or 55 000 MW TNF receptors. In contrast, interferon-inducible protein- 10 (IP-10) and monokine induced by IFN-γ (Mig) mRNA expression was markedly reduced in mice deficient for IFN-γ or IFN-γ receptor, but not in 55000 MW TNF receptor knockout mice. In situ hybridization experiments demonstrated that IP-10 was highly expressed in lung interstitial macrophages of C57BL/6, but not of IFN-γ receptor-deficient mice. In contrast to SEB administration, treatment with lipopolysaccharide resulted in a strong induction of IP-10 and Mig in IFN-γ receptor-deficient mice. Together, these results establish a critical function of IFN-γ for chemokine induction in acute lung inflammation that is dependent on the nature of the inflammatory stimulus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)512-521
Number of pages10
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes


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