Dissection of structural and functional requirements that underlie the interaction of ERdj3 protein with substrates in the endoplasmic reticulum

Joel H. Otero, Beata Lizák, Matthias J. Feige, Linda M. Hendershot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

ERdj3, a mammalian endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Hsp40/ DnaJ family member, binds unfolded proteins, transfers them to BiP, and concomitantly stimulates BiP ATPase activity. However, the requirements for ERdj3 binding to and release from substrates in cells are not well understood. We found that ERdj3 homodimers that cannot stimulate the ATPase activity of BiP (QPD mutants) bound to unfolded ER proteins under steady state conditions in much greater amounts than wild-type ERdj3. This was due to reduced release from these substrates as opposed to enhanced binding, although in both cases dimerization was strictly required for substrate binding. Conversely, heterodimers consisting of one wild-type and one mutant ERdj3 subunit bound substrates at levels comparable with wild-type ERdj3 homodimers, demonstrating that release requires only one protomer to be functional in stimulating BiP ATPase activity. Co-expressing wild-type ERdj3 and a QPD mutant, which each exclusively formed homodimers, revealed that the release rate of wild-type ERdj3 varied according to the relative half-lives of substrates, suggesting that ERdj3 release is an important step in degradation of unfolded client proteins in the ER.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27504-27512
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume289
Issue number40
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Oct 2014
Externally publishedYes

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