Dispatching multi-load AGVs in highly automated seaport container terminals

Martin Grunow, Hans Otto Günther, Matthias Lehmann

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

15 Scopus citations


This paper is concerned with AGV dispatching in seaport container terminals. Special attention is given to multi-load vehicles which can carry more than one container at a time. The characteristics of this complex application environment and the impact on the AGV dispatching problem are analyzed and various solution techniques considered. For practical application within an online logistics control system, a flexible priority rule based approach is developed, making use of an extended concept of the availability of vehicles. For evaluation reasons, this approach is complemented by an alternative MILP formulation. Finally, the performance of the priority rule based approach and the MILP model are analysed for different scenarios with respect to total lateness of the AGVs. The main focus of the numerical investigation is on evaluating the priority rule based approach for single and dual-load vehicles as well as comparing its performance against the MILP modelling approach.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationContainer Terminals and Automated Transport Systems
Subtitle of host publicationLogistics Control Issues and Quantitative Decision Support
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages25
ISBN (Print)3540223282, 9783540223283
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Container terminals
  • Dispatching
  • Multi-load AGVs
  • Online control


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