Dipolar effects on the critical fluctuations in Fe: Investigation by the neutron spin-echo technique MIEZE

J. Kindervater, S. Säubert, P. Böni

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Abstract

Iron is one of the archetypical ferromagnets to study the critical fluctuations at a continuous phase transition thus serving as a model system for the application of scaling theory. We report a comprehensive study of the critical dynamics at the transition from the ferro- to the paramagnetic phase in Fe, employing the high-resolution neutron spin-echo technique, modulated intensity of zero effort (MIEZE). The results show that the dipolar interactions lead to an additional damping of the critical spin fluctuations at small momentum transfers q. The results agree essentially with scaling theory if the dipolar interactions are taken into account by means of the mode-coupling equations. However, in contrast to expectations, the dipolar wave number qD that plays a central role in the scaling function f(κ/q,qD/κ) becomes temperature dependent. In the limit of small q the critical exponent z crosses over from 2.5 to 2.0.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014429
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume95
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Jan 2017

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