Die schnelldiagnostik einer infektiosen endophthalmitis mittels polymerase-kettenreaktion (PCR): Eine erganzung zu den konventionellen mikrobiologischen diagnostikverfahren

Translated title of the contribution: Rapid diagnosis of infectious endophthalmitis using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR): A completion to conventional microbiological tests?

Chris P. Lohmann, Hans Jörg Linde, Udo Reischl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Endophthalmitis is, although relatively rare, a serious intraocular infection, which could result in a loss of visual function. Therefore, the rapid diagnosis and initiation of the appropriate treatment is of critical importance. To date, approximately 60 percent of eyes with a clinical diagnosis of infectious endophthalmitis show a positive microscopic or culture result. By using the very sensitive polymerase chain reaction this number might increase. Patients and methods: In a series of 12 eyes with infectious endophtalmitis we have performed microscopic investigations, diagnostic culture and polymerase chain reaction in aqueous humor and vitreous in order to detect the infectious agent. Results: Microscopic investigations showed a positive result in the vitreous of 3 eyes. This number improved to 6 eyes using culture media. Significant less positive results were obtained in the aquous humor. The infectious agent could he detected in the aquous humor in all 12 eyes and in the vitreous in 9 eyes by PCR. Only in 2 eyes with a delayed endophthalmitis the vitreous was negative. Conclusions: The detection of the infectious agents was more successful using PCR compared to conventional microbiological rests. In particular, for the diagnosis of delayed endophthalmitis PCR proves to be very superior. In all cases of delayed endophthalmitis the pathogen could be detected in the aquous humor.

Translated title of the contributionRapid diagnosis of infectious endophthalmitis using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR): A completion to conventional microbiological tests?
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)22-27
Number of pages6
JournalKlinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde
Volume211
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

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