Die Qualität der Hausarzt-Patient-Beziehung. Patientenbezogene Prädiktoren in einer repräsentativen deutschen Bevölkerungsstichprobe

Translated title of the contribution: The Quality of the Family Physician-Patient RelationshipPatient-Related Predictors in a Sample Representative for the German Population

Andreas Dinkel, Antonius Schneider, Gabriele Schmutzer, Elmar Brähler, Peter Henningsen, Winfried Häuser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Patient-centeredness and a strong working alliance are core elements of family medicine. Surveys in Germany showed that most people are satisfied with the quality of the family physician-patient relationship. However, factors that are responsible for the quality of the family physician-patient relationship remain unclear. This study aimed at identifying patient-related predictors of the quality of this relationship. Materials and Methods: Participants of a cross-sectional survey representative for the general German population were assessed using standardized questionnaires. The perceived quality of the family physician-patient relationship was measured with the German version of the Patient-Doctor Relationship Questionnaire (PDRQ-9). Associations of demographic and clinical variables (comorbidity, somatic symptom burden, psychological distress) with the quality of the family physician-patient relationship were assessed by applying hierarchical linear regression. Results: 2 278 participants (91,9%) reported having a family physician. The mean total score of the PDRQ-9 was high (M=4,12, SD=0,70). The final regression model showed that higher age, being female, and most notably less somatic and less depressive symptoms predicted a higher quality of the family physician-patient relationship. Comorbidity lost significance when somatic symptom burden was added to the regression model. The final model explained 11% of the variance, indicating a small effect. Conclusions: Experiencing somatic and depressive symptoms emerged as most relevant patient-related predictors of the quality of the family physician-patient relationship.

Translated title of the contributionThe Quality of the Family Physician-Patient RelationshipPatient-Related Predictors in a Sample Representative for the German Population
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)120-127
Number of pages8
JournalPPmP Psychotherapie Psychosomatik Medizinische Psychologie
Volume66
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2016

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