Die Dunkelfeld-Radiografie - ein neuer Weg zur Diagnostik von Gichterkrankungen bei Vögeln und Reptilien?

Translated title of the contribution: X-Ray Dark-field radiography: Does this carry potential for diagnosing gout in exotic pets?

Nathalie Roiser, Josef Scholz, Melanie A. Kimm, Jana Andrejewski, Christine Baumgartner, Eva Braig, Julia Herzen, Daniela Pfeiffer, Rüdiger Korbel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective The aim of this study is to evaluate whether X-ray dark-field (DF) radiography is useful for the diagnosis of gout in birds and reptiles and whether this preclinical model could be helpful to establish this non-invasive imaging method in human medicine. Material and Methods A total of 18 limbs originating from 11 birds (7 different species) and 7 reptiles (4 different species) with and without suspected joint gout were measured using a grating-based X-ray dark-field setup and conventional X-ray examination, respectively. Each image acquisition generated a dark-field and a conventional absorption x-ray image. The results of the individual scans were compared with the results of a pathological examination and arthrocentesis. Results In 5 of the birds and 4 of the reptiles examined, gout was detected by pathologic examination. In each group, uric acid crystals were found in the joints of 3 animals by means of arthrocentesis. The uric acid crystals were detectable in 2 bird and 2 reptile limbs in the dark-field image. Conclusion The study demonstrated that the urate crystals evoke a clearly visible dark field signal, whereas this was not the case in the conventional radiographs. Clinical relevance The results obtained show that uric acid crystal detection using less invasive imaging methods in an animal model with birds and reptiles may expand gout diagnostics not only in veterinary medicine but also in human medicine and possibly replace arthrocentesis if a DF signal is detectable. Preclinical scanners which use X-ray dark-field and phase-contrast radiography already exist for hands and mammography.

Translated title of the contributionX-Ray Dark-field radiography: Does this carry potential for diagnosing gout in exotic pets?
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)185-196
Number of pages12
JournalTierarztliche Praxis Ausgabe K: Kleintiere - Heimtiere
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2022


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