Device to Circuit Framework for Activity-Dependent NBTI Aging in Digital Circuits

A. Thirunavukkarasu, Hussam Amrouch, Jerin Joe, Nilesh Goel, Narendra Parihar, Subrat Mishra, Chetan K. Dabhi, Yogesh S. Chauhan, Jorg Henkel, Souvik Mahapatra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


A framework is proposed for activity-dependent timing degradation due to p-FET negative bias temperature instability (NBTI) in digital circuits. A fixed-time compact model is proposed for NBTI and validated with physical model predictions for various digital circuits under different input signal slew and fan-out load conditions. The model is used to predict the timing degradation in digital circuits under arbitrary input activities. An equivalent degradation level is found that can be applied to all p-FETs in the circuit and can serve as an upper bound of degradation due to arbitrary input activity and avoid the conservative worst case dc analysis. The activity dependence is studied in microprocessors as well as arithmetic circuits under different actual workloads.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8563055
Pages (from-to)316-323
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Arbitrary input activity
  • compact model
  • digital circuits
  • frequency degradation
  • negative bias temperature instability (NBTI)


Dive into the research topics of 'Device to Circuit Framework for Activity-Dependent NBTI Aging in Digital Circuits'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this