Development of coupled FE/BE models to investigate the structural and acoustic responses of a submerged vessel

Sascha Merz, Sebastian Oberst, Paul G. Dylejko, Nicole J. Kessissoglou, Yan K. Tso, Steffen Marburg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


An analytical model and a fully coupled finite element/boundary element model are developed for a simplified physical model of a submarine. The submerged body is modeled as a ring-stiffened cylindrical shell with finite rigid end closures, separated by bulkheads into a number of compartments and under axial excitation from the propeller-shafting system. Lumped masses are located at each end to maintain a condition of neutral buoyancy. Excitation of the hull axial modes from the propeller-shafting system causes both axial motion of the end closures and radial motion of the shell, resulting in a high level of radiated noise. In the low frequency range, only the axial modes in breathing motion are examined, which gives rise to an axisymmetric case, since these modes are efficient radiators. An expression for the structurally radiated sound pressure contributed by axial movement of the end plates and radial motion of the shell was obtained using the Helmholtz integral equation. In the computational model, the effects of the various influencing factors (ring stiffeners, bulkheads, realistic end closures, and fluid loading) on the free vibrational characteristics of the thin walled cylinder are examined. For both the analytical and computational models, the frequency responses, axial and radial responses of the cylinder, and the radiated sound pressure are compared.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-47
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Computational Acoustics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Boundary element method
  • Finite element method
  • Fluid-structure interaction
  • Low frequency analysis
  • Submerged cylinder


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