Development of an Enzyme Immunoassay for the Analysis of the Atrazine Metabolite Hydroxyatrazine Entwicklung eines Enzymimmunoassays zur Analyse des Atrazin‐Metaboliten Hydroxyatrazin

C. Wittmann, B. Hock

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16 Scopus citations

Abstract

A highly sensitive and specific enzyme immunoassay (EIA) is described for the detection of the atrazine metabolite hydroxyatrazine. Polyclonal antibodies were raised in rabbits by immunization with a hapten‐bovine serum albumin (BSA) conjugate containing 8 hapten residues per molecule of BSA. An EIA with a horseradish peroxidase (HRP) hapten tracer was optimized in microtitre plates. A concentration of 50% B/B0 was found at 0.10 μg/L for hydroxyatrazine. A limit of determination for hydroxyatrazine was reached at approximately 0.01 μg/L, i.e. well below the maximum concentration permitted by the EU guidelines for drinking water and the drinking water ordinance of the FRG. The assay did not require concentration or clean‐up steps for drinking water or ground water samples. Validation experiments confirmed a good accuracy and precision. Hydroxyatrazine is reported to be the main atrazine metabolite found in soil samples. As organic solvents are usually employed for soil extraction, the influence of methanol as representative organic solvent on the assay was examined. Up to a concentration of 5% (v/v) methanol, the organic solvent did not affect the assay.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-69
Number of pages10
JournalActa Hydrochimica et Hydrobiologica
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atrazine Metabolite
  • Enzyme Immunoassay (EIA)
  • Hydroxyatrazine
  • Polyclonal Antibodies

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