Development of a New Affinity Gold Polymer Membrane with Immobilized Protein A

Tobias Steegmüller, Tim Kratky, Lena Gollwitzer, Sebastian Patrick Schwaminger, Sonja Berensmeier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


New and highly selective stationary phases for affinity membrane chromatography have the potential to significantly enhance the efficiency and specificity of therapeutic protein purification by reduced mass transfer limitations. This work developed and compared different immobilization strategies for recombinant Protein A ligands to a gold-sputtered polymer membrane for antibody separation in terms of functionalization and immobilization success, protein load, and stability. Successful, functionalization was validated via X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Here, a recombinant Protein A ligand was coupled by N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS)/N-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-N′-ethylcarbodiimide (EDC) chemistry to carboxy-functionalized, gold-sputtered membranes. We achieved a binding capacity of up to 104 ± 17 mg of the protein ligand per gram of the gold-sputtered membrane. The developed membranes were able to successfully capture and release the monoclonal antibody (mAb) Trastuzumab, as well as antibodies from fresh frozen human blood plasma in both static and dynamic setups. Therefore, they demonstrated successful functionalization and immobilization strategies. The antibody load was tested using bicinchoninic acid (BCA), ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis) measurements, and sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The outcome is a fully functional affinity membrane that can be implemented in a variety of different antibody purification processes, eliminating the need for creating individualized strategies for modifying the surface to suit different substrates or conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number31
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2024


  • affinity membrane chromatography
  • antibody purification
  • gold membrane
  • protein A
  • protein immobilization


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