Development and validation of a PCR-based marker assay for negative selection of the HMW glutenin allele Glu-B1-1d (Bx-6) in wheat

G. Schwarz, F. G. Felsenstein, G. Wenzel

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37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Polymorphisms between the coding sequences of high-molecular-weight (HMW) glutenin x-type genes at the Glu-1 locus were used to amplify Glu-1B x-type-specific PCR fragments. PCR analysis in a wheat cultivar subset carrying different Glu-1B x-type alleles resulted in PCR fragments that differed in size for Glu-B1-1d (B-x6) and non-Glu-B1-1d (B-x6) genotypes. Subsequent sequencing analysis revealed a 15-bp in-frame insertion in the coding regions of all Glu-B1-1d (B-x6) genotypes which allowed the development of a B-x6-specific PCR assay for high-throughput allele sizing by ion-pair reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. The assay was validated in a set of 86 German wheat cultivars, and genotyping data unequivocally verified the presence of HMW glutenin subunits GLU-B1-1D (Bx-6) + GLU-B1-2A (By-8) by means of sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. These results demonstrate that the PCR assay can be applied for the detection and negative selection of the 'poor breadmaking quality' Glu-B1-1d (B-x6) alleles in wheat breeding programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1064-1069
Number of pages6
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
Volume109
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2004

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