Development and quality characterization of a novel CT system

Alexander A. Schegere, Martin Lingenheil, Matthias Klaften, Thomas Förster, Martin Hrabé De Angelis, Christoph Hoeschen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Novel geometrical designs of computed tomography (CT) scanners in combination with novel image reconstruction algorithms promise to reduce ionizing radiation exposure to the patient in CT scans. While the sampling density of the Field Of View (FOV) is retained, the image quality can even be increased in contrast to conventional CT scanners. In this study, we present first images obtained with a novel CT scanner that we developed in our working group. In this open CT system with irradiation within a fan beam, parallel Radon data are directly obtained for image reconstruction using the OPED (Orthogonal Polynomial Expansion on the Disk) algorithm. This algorithm uses Radon data directly, i.e., without any further data processing such as rebinning and interpolation. We experimentally test theoretical predictions for this system by quantifying image quality parameters in comparison with corresponding parameters that are derived from the images of a conventional scanner of the 3rd generation. The modulation transfer function (MTF) and noise power spectrum (NPS) are determined using a test phantom. The novel CT system quantitatively shows the same noise property as the conventional scanner. The resolution that is reached in the center of a reconstructed image is nearly identical for both scanner types. But we found that the resolution that is achieved in the novel CT system does not depend on the image position while the MTF of the conventional scanner decreases for radially outer regions of the image.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2010
Subtitle of host publicationPhysics of Medical Imaging
EditionPART 2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes
EventMedical Imaging 2010: Physics of Medical Imaging - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: 15 Feb 201018 Feb 2010

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
NumberPART 2
Volume7622
ISSN (Print)1605-7422

Conference

ConferenceMedical Imaging 2010: Physics of Medical Imaging
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period15/02/1018/02/10

Keywords

  • CT design
  • Computed tomography (CT)
  • FBP
  • Image quality
  • Image reconstruction algorithm
  • MTF
  • Micro CT
  • NPS
  • OPED

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