Determination of the adsorbed layer thickness of functional anionic polymers utilizing chemically modified polystyrene nanoparticles

Constantin Tiemeyer, Alex Lange, Johann Plank

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dynamic light scattering (DLS) was found to present a facile method to directly measure the adsorbed layer thickness (ALT) of various functional polymers. Monodisperse polystyrene nanoparticles (d~. 77. nm) modified with zinc palmitate to attain a positive surface charge were identified as a suitable adsorbent. These particles are chemically inert and stable even at very high pH values, e.g. of ~13. As polymers, two cement dispersants, two retarders and four water-retention admixtures were investigated. At first, adsorption isotherms were developed to probe whether single or multiple polymer layers were present on the particles' surfaces. Next, the adsorbed layer thickness of each polymer on polystyrene nanoparticles was measured using DLS and the results were compared with the hydrodynamic radius of the polymers in solution. From this data, the adsorbed conformation of the polymers was assessed. The method allows quick determination of the ALT at reasonable accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-145
Number of pages7
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume456
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Adsorbed layer thickness
  • Adsorption
  • Cement
  • Dynamic light scattering
  • Polymer

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