Determination of bubble size distribution in gas–liquid two-phase systems via an ultrasound-based method

Xue Chen, Mohamed Hussein, Thomas Becker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Over the past few years, ultrasonic techniques are increasingly used to determine bubble size distribution in gas–liquid two-phase systems. However, the development of a precise and efficient measuring system is very challenging because bubbles are dynamic and unstable relative to time and space in a moving fluid, thus hindering an accurate validation of the measuring system. Therefore, this study examined the possibility of using artificial bubbles to establish an ultrasonic measuring system. The main concept for this study involved developing an ultrasound-based measuring system with the aid of a certain type of artificial bubbles. The developed system was subsequently adapted to the bypass pipeline of a propagator to demonstrate the reliability of this concept. The results indicated that the established system could measure a microbubble size distribution with a root mean squared error of validation that corresponded to 0.1243 % v/v. Additionally, the estimates of real bubble measurement agreed well with the reference method. Thus, this study demonstrated that the developed system could be a potential method to determine bubble size distributions in gas–liquid two-phase systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)653-663
Number of pages11
JournalEngineering in Life Sciences
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2017


  • Attenuation
  • Bubble size distribution
  • Optics
  • Process monitoring
  • Ultrasound


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