Desensitization of gonadotropin-releasing hormone action in αT3-1 cells due to uncoupling of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate generation and Ca2+ mobilization

Craig A. McArdle, Gary B. Willars, Robert C. Fowkes, Stefan R. Nahorski, James S. Davidson, Wyn Forrest-Owen

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76 Scopus citations

Abstract

Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) acts via a G-protein coupled receptor on gonadotropes to increase cytosolic Ca2+ and stimulate gonadotropin secretion. Sustained exposure causes desensitization of these effects, but the GnRH receptor has no C-terminal tail and does not undergo rapid (<5 min) desensitization. Nevertheless, pretreatment of αT3-1 cells with GnRH reduced the spike Ca2+ response to GnRH and decreased the GnRH effect on inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins(1,4,5)P9) by 30-50%. Ca2+- free medium with or without thapsigargin also decreased GnRH-stimulated Ins(1,4,5)P3 generation, implying that attenuation of the Ca2+ response underlies the Ins(1,4,5)P3 reduction rather than vice versa. Intracellular Ca2+ pool depletion cannot explain desensitization of the Ca2+ response because pool depletion and repletion were faster (half-times, <1 min) than the onset of and recovery from desensitization (half-times 10-20 rain and 4- 6 h). Moreover, 1-h GnRH pretreatment attenuated the spike Ca2+ response to GnRH but not that to ionomycin, and brief GnRH exposure in Ca2+-free medium reduced the response to ionomycin more effectively in controls than in desensitized cells. GnRH pretreatment also attenuated the Ca2+ response to PACAP38. This novel form of desensitization does not reflect uncoupling of GnRH receptors from their immediate effector system but rather a reduced efficiency of mobilization by Ins(1,4,5)P3 of Ca2+ from an intact intracellular pool.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23711-23717
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume271
Issue number39
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

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