Dependence of photothermal conversion characteristics on different nanoparticle dispersions

Hui Zhang, Hui Jiuan Chen, Xiaoze Du, Guiping Lin, Dongsheng Wen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


The efficiency of nanoparticle-based direct absorption solar collector (DASC) is strongly dependent on the materials, where a systematic study is still lacking. This work conducts an experimental study of the photothermal conversion characteristics of a number of nanoparticle dispersions including Au, Si, Fe3O4 , Al2O3 and diamond under the same experimental setup. The results show that comparing with the base fluid, the introduction of nanoparticles can increase the photothermal conversion efficiency significantly, and the efficiency increases in the order of Al2O3 , diamond, (Fe3O4 and Si) and Au. For a given total mass concentration, the Fe3O4 -Au hybrid nanofluid is found to possess a higher efficiency than that of pure Au alone. Three possible mechanisms are proposed for the influence of nanoparticle materials, which can qualitatively explain the experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3055-3060
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Material influence.
  • Nanofluids
  • Nanoparticle
  • Photo-Thermal conversion
  • Solar energy


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