Deferoxamine improves coronary vascular responses to sympathetic stimulation in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus

Naoya Hattori, Oliver Schnell, Frank M. Bengel, Julian Rihl, Stephan G. Nekolla, Alexander E. Drzezga, Eberhard Standl, Markus Schwaiger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Effects of oxygen-derived free radicals are suggested to be a potential pathogenic factor for endothelial dysfunction. In this study we sought to evaluate the effect of hydroxyl radicals on the human coronary vascular bed in type I diabetes mellitus using positron emission tomography (PET). Thirteen patients with type 1 diabetes underwent PET using nitrogen-13 ammonia at rest and during sympathetic stimulation with the cold pressor test (CPT). The rest-stress study protocol was repeated twice (on different days) using pre-stress infusion of either saline as placebo or deferoxamine, an iron chelator which inhibits generation of hydroxyl radicals. At rest, global MBF was higher in diabetics than in normal controls (78.1±17.5 vs 63.2±14.9 mg 100 g-1 min-1, P<0.05) and myocardial vascular resistance (MVR) showed a trend towards lower values (patients, 1.28±0.35; controls, 1.55±0.32, P=NS). CPT increased MBF in all controls while 7/13 diabetics responded normally. CPT decreased MVR in 10/13 controls but in only 4/13 diabetics. There was no significant difference in the duration of diabetes, HbA1c, daily insulin dose, body mass index, or lipid profiles between patients with and patients without abnormal MBF or MVR responses. Pre-stress infusion of deferoxamine normalized MBF response in all six patients, and MVR response in six of the nine patients. Another group consisting of seven patients underwent a rest-rest protocol after infusion of deferoxamine and saline to investigate the effect of deferoxamine on resting MBF. Deferoxamine did not change the resting MBF (deferoxamine, 81±17 ml 100 g-1 min-1; saline, 75±19 ml 100 g-1 min-1, P=NS) or MVR (deferoxamine, 1.0±0.5 mmHg ml-1 100 g-1 min-1; saline, 1.2±0.6 mmHg ml-1 100 g-1 min-1, P=NS). In conclusion, inhibition of hydroxyl radical formation using deferoxamine significantly improved the responses of coronary microvasculature to sympathetic stimulation. Hydroxyl radicals may play a role in the pathogenesis of flow abnormalities in type 1 diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)891-898
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume29
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Endothelium
  • Free radicals
  • Positron emission tomography
  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus

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