Defects and impurities in amorphous semiconductors and in liquid electrolytes

G. Müller, G. Krötz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Amorphous (a-) semiconductors like a-Si:H and the chalcogenide glasses possess a general tendency to establish an overall equilibrium between the electronic system and the lattice with its dopant and defect sites. In the present paper the chemical interactions which establish these equilibria within the bulk of the a-semiconductor lattices are compared to chemical interactions in liquid electrolytes, particularly to those in H2O. These considerations reveal close similarities between autocompensation doping in a-semiconductors and acid/base reactions in H2O. The effects of light and field-effect induced defect formation, on the other hand, are shown to be related to the phenomenon of electrolysis in H2O. The consideration of these analogies further emphasizes the roles of charge-carrier localization and that of H-diffusion in promoting dopant and defect equilibration reactions in a-semiconductors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-46
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Physics A Solids and Surfaces
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1992
Externally publishedYes


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