Deconfinement Dynamics of Fractons in Tilted Bose-Hubbard Chains

Julian Boesl, Philip Zechmann, Johannes Feldmeier, Michael Knap

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Abstract

Fractonic constraints can lead to exotic properties of quantum many-body systems. Here, we investigate the dynamics of fracton excitations on top of the ground states of a one-dimensional, dipole-conserving Bose-Hubbard model. We show that nearby fractons undergo a collective motion mediated by exchanging virtual dipole excitations, which provides a powerful dynamical tool to characterize the underlying ground-state phases. We find that, in the gapped Mott insulating phase, fractons are confined to each other as motion requires the exchange of massive dipoles. When crossing the phase transition into a gapless Luttinger liquid of dipoles, fractons deconfine. Their transient deconfinement dynamics scales diffusively and exhibits strong but subleading contributions described by a quantum Lifshitz model. We examine prospects for the experimental realization in tilted Bose-Hubbard chains by numerically simulating the adiabatic state preparation and subsequent time evolution and find clear signatures of the low-energy fracton dynamics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number143401
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume132
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Apr 2024

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