Custom-made rheological setup for in situ real-time fast alginate-Ca2+ gelation

Ioanna N. Besiri, Thomas B. Goudoulas, Natalie Germann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


There is a growing interest in the in situ gelation of the alginate-Ca2+ system due to its remarkable applications. In this work, we record and evaluate the fast gelation kinetics of alginate-Ca2+ using a custom-made rheometric setup. This enables us to inject CaCl2 into the alginate while we perform the rheological measurements. We successfully measure the in situ gelation reaction from the early stages. As the alginate concentration is increased up to 3 wt.%, we observe a systematic increase of the elastic modulus, G′. Similarly, higher concentrations and injected volumes of CaCl2 increase the magnitude and initial growth rate of G′. At longer times, the growth rate of G′ is lower. It decreases further very slowly, indicating that the chemical reaction requires quite a considerable amount of time to be completed. Finally, from the rheometric data, we estimate the average rates of the elastic modulus during the initial and quasi-steady-state stages.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116615
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
StatePublished - 15 Oct 2020


  • Alginate
  • Custom-made setup
  • In situ gelation
  • Ionic crosslinker
  • Reaction rate
  • Real-time process


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