Crystal Structures of Rubidium and Cesium Anthranilates and Salicylates

Frank Wiesbrock, Hubert Schmidbaur

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Abstract

In an attempt to probe a potential template role of the large alkali-metal cations rubidium and cesium in the organization of biorelevant ligands, salicylate and anthranilate complexes of the two elements were, prepared and structurally investigated. The studies were also expected to show the marked structural differences compared to the corresponding thallium(I) compounds. Rubidium anthranilate and cesium salicylate could be crystallized as the monohydrates Rb(Anth)(H2O) and Cs(Sal)(H2O). Both have layer structures containing the cations and the polar groups of the ligands in core domains sandwiched by the aromatic rings above and below. The metal atoms have coordination numbers 7 and 8, respectively, with an irregular coordination sphere made up exclusively of oxygen atoms. Crystalline material with a 1:2 stoichiometry, Cs[H(Anth)2], is obtained from aqueous solutions of Cs(Anth) upon absorption of carbon dioxide with concomitant formation of cesium bicarbonate, Cs(HCO3). The crystal, structure of Cs(HCO3) was redetermined to obtain precise benchmark data for cesium carbonates and carboxylates. The cesium hydrogen bisanthranilate also has a layer structure with eight-coordinate cesium atoms. The coordination sphere includes one nitrogen donor atom. The organization of all layer structures appears to be governed mainly by steric effects and electrostatic forces with very little directional influence of the cations. This result suggests that the large alkali etals have no efficient template effect for the organization of biological substrates and can explain the low toxicity of rubidium and cesium salts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7283-7289
Number of pages7
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume42
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Nov 2003
Externally publishedYes

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