Creatine improves health and survival of mice

A. Bender, J. Beckers, I. Schneider, S. M. Hölter, T. Haack, T. Ruthsatz, D. M. Vogt-Weisenhorn, L. Becker, J. Genius, D. Rujescu, M. Irmler, T. Mijalski, M. Mader, L. Quintanilla-Martinez, H. Fuchs, V. Gailus-Durner, M. Hrabé de Angelis, W. Wurst, J. Schmidt, T. Klopstock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Scopus citations


The supplementation of creatine (Cr) has a marked neuroprotective effect in mouse models of neurodegenerative diseases. This has been assigned to the known bioenergetic, anti-apoptotic, anti-excitotoxic, and anti-oxidant properties of Cr. As aging and neurodegeneration share pathophysiological pathways, we investigated the effect of oral Cr supplementation on aging in 162 aged C57Bl/6J mice. Outcome variables included "healthy" life span, neurobehavioral phenotyping, as well as morphology, biochemistry, and expression profiling from brain. The median healthy life span of Cr-fed mice was 9% higher than in control mice, and they performed significantly better in neurobehavioral tests. In brains of Cr-treated mice, there was a trend towards a reduction of reactive oxygen species and significantly lower accumulation of the "aging pigment" lipofuscin. Expression profiling showed an upregulation of genes implicated in neuronal growth, neuroprotection, and learning. These data show that Cr improves health and longevity in mice. Cr may be a promising food supplement to promote healthy human aging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1404-1411
Number of pages8
JournalNeurobiology of Aging
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Aging
  • Creatine
  • Life span
  • Lipofuscin
  • Mitochondria
  • Oxidative stress


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