Corticosterone modulates acute toxicity of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-1 dioxin (tcdd) in male sprague-dawley rats

Joel R. Gorski, Tibor Rozman, Helmut Greim, Karl Rozman

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Corticosterone Modulates Acute Toxicity of 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) in Male Sprague-Dawley Rats.GORSKI, J. R., ROZMAN, T., GREIM, H., AND ROXMAN, K. (1988). Fundam Appl. Toxicol 11, 494-502. Bilateral adrenalectomy or adrenal demedullation was performed on male Sprague-Dawley rats by established surgical techniques. Subsequently, the dose-response (mortality and mean time to death) to TCDD was determined in adrenalecto-mized (10, 20, 40 μg/kg TCDD ip in 95:5 corn oil: acetone) or demedullated (15, 30, 60 μg/kg TCDD) rats. Adrenalectomy drastically increased mortality and greatly shortened mean time to death after dosing with TCDD. More importantly, adrenalectomized TCDD-treated rats died 3 of hypoglycemic shock without losing much body weight Conversely, adrenal demedullation had no effect on mortality or mean time to death caused by TCDD when compared to non-demedullated TCDD-treated controls. Thus, it was concluded that the factors) modulating the acute toxicity of TCDD resides in the adrenal cortex and not in the medulla. Administration of corticosterone (25 ngjμl in drinking water) to adrenalectomized rats returned the toxicity of TCDD to levels seen in nonadrenalectomized rats suggesting that this hormone is another key 3 factor (in addition to the thyroid hormones) in the modulation of the acute toxicity of TCDD. Corticosterone supplementation (25, 50, or 100 μg/) to nonadrenalectomized rats, or to thy- roidectomized-adrenalectomized rats (25 μg/ml), resulted in no additional beneficial effect indicating that a factoids) other than thyroid hormones and corticosterone is also involved in the 14 acute toxicity of TCDD

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)494-502
Number of pages9
JournalToxicological Sciences
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes


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