Coronal extrusion of the lateral meniscus does not increase after pullout repair of the posterior root of the lateral meniscus at short-term follow-up

Philipp Forkel, Jonas Noack, Maximilian Hinz, Andreas B. Imhoff, Klaus Wörtler, Matthias J. Feucht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Posterior lateral meniscus root (PLMR) tears are injuries that commonly occur together with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcome of PLMR repair accompanying ACL reconstruction. Specifically, PLMR healing rates, meniscal extrusion behavior and their influence on patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) were analyzed. It was hypothesized that PLMR repair shows satisfactory healing rates and coronal meniscal extrusion does not increase significantly following PLMR repair. Methods: Patients that underwent PLMR repair between 2014 and 2019 were evaluated at least 12 months postoperatively. At follow-up, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed in order to evaluate the PLMR healing behavior (complete vs. partial vs. no healing) as well as the coronal and sagittal meniscal extrusion in comparison with the preoperative MRI. Additionally, patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs; Lysholm score, International Knee Documentation Committee subjective knee form [IKDC]) were compiled. Pre- and postoperative meniscal extrusion were tested for statistical significance using the paired t test. The Kruskal–Wallis test was used to compare extrusion values and PROMs in relation to different healing states. A correlation analysis was conducted using the Pearson correlation coefficient between differences in meniscal extrusion and PROMs. Results: Out of 25 patients, 18 patients (72.0%; 11 male and seven female) were available for final assessment at a mean follow-up of 40.8 ± SD 17.5 months. One revision PLMR repair was performed five months after the initial repair. In 14 cases (77.8%), healing of the lateral meniscus was observed (6 × complete, 8 × partial). Coronal extrusion of the lateral meniscus did not increase significantly following PLMR repair (2.0 ± 1.5 mm vs. 2.1 ± 1.3 mm; p = 0.645). Sagittal extrusion increased significantly (25.7 ± 2.4 mm vs. 27.0 ± 1.4 mm; p < 0.001). The healing status of the PLMR showed no significant association with meniscal extrusion or PROMs (p > 0.05). But a higher increase in coronal meniscal extrusion negatively affected PROMs (Lysholm score: p = 0.046, r = − 0.475; IKDC: p = 0.003, r = − 0.651). Conclusion: High healing rates of the PLMR and no significant increase in coronal extrusion may be expected following combined PLMR repair and ACL reconstruction. But a greater increase in postoperative coronal meniscal extrusion correlates with less favorable clinical results. A greater increase in sagittal extrusion was observed, but this did not influence the clinical outcome. Level of evidence: Retrospective Case Series; IV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5199-5206
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Volume143
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ACL
  • Meniscus repair
  • Meniscus root repair
  • Meniscus tear

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