Conversion of AML-blasts to leukemia-derived dendritic cells (DCleu) in ‘DC-culture-media’ shifts correlations of released chemokines with antileukemic T-cell reactions

M. Merle, D. Fischbacher, A. Liepert, C. Grabrucker, T. Kroell, A. Kremser, J. Dreyssig, M. Freudenreich, F. Schuster, A. Borkhardt, D. Kraemer, C. H. Koehne, H. J. Kolb, C. Schmid, H. M. Schmetzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dendritic cells (DC) and T-cells are mediators of CTL-responses. Autologous (from patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) or myelodysplasia (MDS)) or allogeneic (donor)-T-cells stimulated by DCleu, gain an efficient lysis of naive blasts, although not in every case. CXCL8, -9, -10, CCL2, -5 and Interleukin (IL-12) were quantified by Cytometric Bead Array (CBA) in supernatants from 5 DC-generating methods and correlated with AML-/MDS-patients’ serum-values, DC-/T-cell-interactions/antileukemic T-cell-reactions after mixed lymphocyte culture (MLC) and patients’ clinical course. The blast-lytic activity of T-cells stimulated with DC or mononuclear cells (MNC) was quantified in a cytotoxicity assay. Despite great variations of chemokine-levels, correlations with post-stimulation (after stimulating T-cells with DC in MLC) improved antileukemic T-cell activity were seen: higher released chemokine-values correlated with improved T-cells’ antileukemic activity (compared to stimulation with blast-containing MNC) - whereas with respect to the corresponding serum values higher CXCL8-, -9-, and -10- but lower CCL5- and -2-release correlated with improved antileukemic activity of DC-stimulated (vs. blast-stimulated) T-cells. In DC-culture supernatants higher chemokine-values correlated with post-stimulation improved antileukemic T-cell reactivity, whereas higher serum-values of CXCL8, -9, and -10 but lower serum-values of CCL5 and -2 correlated with post-stimulation improved antileukemic T-cell-reactivity. In a context of ‘DC’-stimulation (vs serum) this might point to a change of (CCL5 and -2-associated) functionality from a more ‘inflammatory’ or ‘tumor-promoting’ to a more ‘antitumor’-reactive functionality. This knowledge could contribute to develop immune-modifying strategies that promote antileukemic (adaptive) immune-responses.

Original languageEnglish
Article number152088
JournalImmunobiology
Volume226
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute myeloid leukemia
  • Chemokines
  • Dendritic cells
  • Immunotherapy
  • T-cells

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