Controlled tunneling-induced dephasing of Rabi rotations for high-fidelity hole spin initialization

P. L. Ardelt, T. Simmet, K. Müller, C. Dory, K. A. Fischer, A. Bechtold, A. Kleinkauf, H. Riedl, J. J. Finley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the subpicosecond initialization of a single heavy hole spin in a self-assembled quantum dot with >98.5% fidelity and without external magnetic field. Using an optically addressable charge and spin storage device we tailor the relative electron and hole tunneling escape time scales from the dot and simultaneously achieve high-fidelity initialization, long hole storage times, and high-efficiency readout via a photocurrent signal. We measure electric-field-dependent Rabi oscillations of the neutral and charged exciton transitions in the ultrafast tunneling regime and demonstrate that tunneling-induced dephasing (TID) of excitonic Rabi rotations is the major source for the intensity damping of Rabi oscillations in the low Rabi frequency, low temperature regime. Our results are in very good quantitative agreement with quantum-optical simulations revealing that TID can be used to precisely measure tunneling escape times and extract changes in the Coulomb binding energies for different charge configurations of the quantum dot. Finally, we demonstrate that for subpicosecond electron tunneling escape, TID of a coherently driven exciton transition facilitates ultrafast hole spin initialization with near-unity fidelity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115306
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume92
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 18 Sep 2015

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