Control of the Crystallization and Phase Separation Kinetics in Sequential Blade-Coated Organic Solar Cells by Optimizing the Upper Layer Processing Solvent

Yilin Wang, Jingwei Xue, Huaying Zhong, Christopher R. Everett, Xinyu Jiang, Manuel A. Reus, Andrei Chumakov, Stephan V. Roth, Michael A. Adedeji, Ncedo Jili, Ke Zhou, Guanghao Lu, Zheng Tang, Genene Tessema Mola, Peter Müller-Buschbaum, Wei Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sequential deposition of the active layer in organic solar cells (OSCs) is favorable to circumvent the existing drawbacks associated with controlling the microstructure in bulk-heterojunction (BHJ) device fabrication. However, how the processing solvents impact on the morphology during sequential deposition processes is still poorly understood. Herein, high-efficiency OSCs are fabricated by a sequential blade coating (SBC) through optimization of the morphology evolution process induced by processing solvents. It is demonstrated that the device performance is highly dependent on the processing solvent of the upper layer. In situ morphology characterizations reveal that an obvious liquid–solid phase separation can be identified during the chlorobenzene processing of the D18 layer, corresponding to larger phase separation. During chloroform (CF) processing of the D18 layer, a proper aggregation rate of Y6 and favorable intermixing of lower and upper layers results in the enhanced crystallinity of the acceptor. This facilitates efficient exciton dissociation and charge transport with an inhibited charge recombination in the D18/CF-based devices, contributing to a superior performance of 17.23%. These results highlight the importance of the processing solvent for the upper layer in the SBC strategy and suggest the great potential of achieving optimized morphology and high-efficiency OSCs using the SBC strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2203496
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume13
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 Feb 2023

Keywords

  • morphology
  • organic solar cells
  • sequential blade coating
  • solvents

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