Connecting fast-slow systems and conley index theory via transversality

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Geometric Singular Perturbation Theory (GSPT) and Conley Index Theory are two powerful techniques to analyze dynamical systems. Conley already realized that using his index is easier for singular perturbation problems. In this paper, we will revisit Conley's results and prove that the GSPT technique of Fenichel Normal Form can be used to simplify the application of Conley index techniques even further. We also hope that our results provide a better bridge between the different fields. Furthermore we show how to interpret Conley's conditions in terms of averaging. The result are illustrated by the two-dimensional van der Pol equation and by a three-dimensional Morris Lecar model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalElectronic Journal of Differential Equations
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Conley index
  • Fast-slow system
  • Fenichel normal form
  • Transversality


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