Computational Cutting Pattern Generation Using Isogeometric B-Rep Analysis

Ann Kathrin Goldbach, Michael Breitenberger, Armin Widhammer, Kai Uwe Bletzinger

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The cutting pattern plays a major role for the design of structural membranes, since it influences both their aesthetical appearance and structural behavior. A novel approach towards cutting pattern generation is the so-called Variation of Reference Strategy (VaReS) [1], which minimizes the total potential energy arising from the motion of a planar cutting pattern to its corresponding three-dimensional shape. With non-uniform rational B-Splines (NURBS) being the standard tool for geometry description in CAD, it is only consequent to use these for analysis as well. Isogeometric B-Rep Analysis (IBRA) [2] follows up on this idea and enriches the original Isogeometric Analysis (IGA), which was introduced by Hughes et al. [3], by the possibility of analysing trimmed NURBS geometries. This paper presents cutting pattern generation with the Variation of Reference Strategy in the context of IGA/IBRA. With this approach, the whole design of a membrane structure can be represented by NURBS geometries - including blueprint plans. To use the benefits of IBRA for cutting pattern generation, a NURBS-based membrane-element was developed for the VaReS routine. A developable surface serves as a benchmark example, since its analytical cutting pattern is known. Examples of double-curved geometries show the applicability and benefits of the proposed procedure for real structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-255
Number of pages7
JournalProcedia Engineering
StatePublished - 2016
EventTENSINET - COST TU1303 International Symposium 2016 - , United Kingdom
Duration: 26 Oct 201628 Oct 2016


  • Cutting pattern generation
  • Design cycle of structural membranes
  • Isogeometric Analysis
  • Isogeometric B-Rep Analysis
  • Variation of Reference Strategy


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