Complete and Incomplete Resection for Progressive Glioblastoma Prolongs Post-Progression Survival

Felix Behling, Julia Rang, Elena Dangel, Susan Noell, Mirjam Renovanz, Irina Mäurer, Jens Schittenhelm, Benjamin Bender, Frank Paulsen, Bettina Brendel, Peter Martus, Jens Gempt, Melanie Barz, Bernhard Meyer, Marcos Tatagiba, Marco Skardelly

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5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The role of resection in progressive glioblastoma (GBM) to prolong survival is still controversial. The aim of this study was to determine 1) the predictors of post-progression survival (PPS) in progressive GBM and 2) which subgroups of patients would benefit from recurrent resection. Methods: We have conducted a retrospective bicentric cohort study on isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) wild-type GBM treated in our hospitals between 2006 and 2015. Kaplan-Maier analyses and univariable and multivariable Cox regressions were performed to identify predictors and their influence on PPS. Results: Of 589 patients with progressive IDH wild-type GBM, 355 patients were included in analyses. Median PPS of all patients was 9 months (95% CI 8.0-10.0), with complete resection 12 months (95% CI 9.7-14.3, n=81), incomplete resection 11 months (95% CI 8.9-13.1, n=70) and without resection 7 months (95% CI 06-08, n=204). Multivariable Cox regression demonstrated a benefit for PPS with complete (HR 0.67, CI 0.49-0.90) and incomplete resection (HR 0.73, 95% CI 0.51-1.04) and confirmed methylation of the O6-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase (MGMT) gene promoter, lower age at diagnosis, absence of deep brain and multilocular localization, higher Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) and recurrent therapies to be associated with longer PPS. In contrast, traditional eloquence and duration of progression-free survival had no effect on PPS. Subgroup analyses showed that all subgroups of confirmed predictors benefited from resection, except for patients in poor condition with a KPS <70. Conclusions: Out data suggest a role for complete and incomplete recurrent resection in progressive GBM patients regardless of methylation of MGMT, age, or adjuvant therapy but not in patients with a poor clinical condition with a KPS <70.

Original languageEnglish
Article number755430
JournalFrontiers in Oncology
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - 16 Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • extent of resection
  • post progression survival
  • progressive glioblastoma
  • re-surgery
  • recurrent surgery
  • resectability
  • surgery

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