Comparison of two linearization schemes for the nonlinear bending problem of a beam pinned at both ends

R. Merli, C. Lázaro, S. Monleón, A. Domingo

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3 Scopus citations


The nonlinear bending problem of a constant cross-section simply supported beam pinned at both ends and subject to a uniformly distributed load q (x) is analyzed in detail. The numerical integration of the two-point boundary value problem (BVP) derived for the nonlinear Timoshenko beam is tackled through two different linearization schemes, the multi-step transversal linearization (MTrL) and the multi-step tangential linearization (MTnL), proposed by Viswanath and Roy (2007). The fundamentals of these linearization techniques are to replace the nonlinear part of the governing ODEs through a set of conditionally linearized ODE systems at the nodal grid points along the neutral axis, ensuring the intersection between the solution manifolds (transversally in the MTrL and tangentially in the MTnL). In this paper, the solution values are determined at grid points by means of a centered finite differences method with multipoint linear constraints (Keller, 1969), and a simple iterative strategy. The analytical solution for this kind of bending problem, including the extensional effects, can be worked out by integration of the governing two-point BVP equations (Monleón et al., 2008). Finally, the comparison of analytical and numerical results shows the better ability of MTnL with the proposed iterative strategy to reproduce the theoretical behavior of the beam for each load step, because the restraint of equating derivatives in MTnL leads to further closeness between solution paths of the governing ODEs and the linearized ones, in comparison with MTrL. This result is opposed to the conclusion reached in Viswanath and Roy (2007), where the relative errors produced by MTrL are said to be smaller than the MTnL ones for the simply supported beam and the tip-loaded cantilever beam problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)865-874
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Solids and Structures
Issue number6
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Beam pinned at both ends
  • Boundary value problem (BVP)
  • Centered finite differences
  • Locally transversal linearization (LTL)
  • Multi-point linear constraints
  • Multi-step tangential linearization (MTnL)
  • Multi-step transversal linearization (MTrL)
  • Nonlinear bending problem
  • Timoshenko beam


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