Comparison of two different anaerobic feeding strategies to establish a stable aerobic granulated sludge bed

T. Rocktäschel, C. Klarmann, B. Helmreich, J. Ochoa, P. Boisson, K. H. Sørensen, H. Horn

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32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two different anaerobic feeding strategies were compared to optimize the development and performance of aerobic granules. A stable aerobic granulation of activated sludge was achieved with an anaerobic plug flow operation (PI) and a fast influent step followed by an anaerobic mixing phase (PII). Two lab scale sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) were operated to test the different operation modes. PI with plug flow and a reactor H/D (height/diameter) ratio of 9 achieved a biomass concentration of 20gTSS/L and an effluent TSS concentration of 0.10gTSS/L. PII with the mixed anaerobic phase directly after feeding and a reactor H/D ratio of 2 achieved a biomass concentration of 9gTSS/L and an effluent quality of 0.05gTSS/L. Furthermore, it is shown that the plug flow regime during anaerobic feeding together with the lower H/D ratio of 2 led to channeling effects, which resulted in lower storage of organic carbon and a general destabilization of the granulation process. Compared to the plug flow regime (PI), the anaerobic mixing (PII) provided lower substrate gradients within the biofilm. However, these disadvantages could be compensated by higher mass transfer coefficients in PII (kL=0.3m/d for PI; kL=86m/d for PII) during the anaerobic phase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6423-6431
Number of pages9
JournalWater Research
Volume47
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2013

Keywords

  • Aerobic granulation
  • Anaerobic mixing
  • Biological phosphorus removal
  • Nitrogen removal
  • PAOs
  • Plug flow

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