Comparing α-Quartz-Induced Cytotoxicity and Interleukin-8 Release in Pulmonary Mono-and Co-Cultures Exposed under Submerged and Air-Liquid Interface Conditions

Alexandra Friesen, Susanne Fritsch-Decker, Matthias Hufnagel, Sonja Mülhopt, Dieter Stapf, Andrea Hartwig, Carsten Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The occupational exposure to particles such as crystalline quartz and its impact on the respiratory tract have been studied extensively in recent years. For hazard assessment, the development of physiologically more relevant in-vitro models, i.e., air-liquid interface (ALI) cell cultures, has greatly progressed. Within this study, pulmonary culture models employing A549 and differentiated THP-1 cells as mono-and co-cultures were investigated. The different cultures were exposed to α-quartz particles (Min-U-Sil5) with doses ranging from 15 to 66 µg/cm2 under submerged and ALI conditions and cytotoxicity as well as cytokine release were analyzed. No cytotoxicity was observed after ALI exposure. Contrarily, Min-U-Sil5 was cytotoxic at the highest dose in both submerged mono-and co-cultures. A concentration-dependent release of interleukin-8 was shown for both exposure types, which was overall stronger in co-cultures. Our findings showed considerable differences in the toxicological responses between ALI and submerged exposure and between mono-and co-cultures. A substantial influence of the presence or absence of serum in cell culture media was noted as well. Within this study, the submerged culture was revealed to be more sensitive. This shows the importance of considering different culture and exposure models and highlights the relevance of communication between different cell types for toxicological investigations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6412
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume23
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • A549
  • THP-1
  • air-liquid interface
  • co-culture
  • cytotoxicity
  • inflammation
  • pulmonary toxicity
  • quartz

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