Commensurate-incommensurate transition of cold atoms in an optical lattice

H. P. Büchler, G. Blatter, W. Zwerger

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A commensurate Mott state was realized in dilute 1D Bose-Einstein condensates already with an arbitrary weak lattice potential. This observation provides a new and experimentally accessible tool for the quantitative characterization of 1D atomic gases in the strongly correlated "Tonks gas" limit.

Original languageEnglish
Article number130401
Pages (from-to)130401/1-130401/4
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number13
StatePublished - 4 Apr 2003
Externally publishedYes


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