Cold-gas experiments to study the flow separation characteristics of a dual-bell nozzle during its transition modes

S. B. Verma, R. Stark, C. Nuerenberger-Genin, O. Haidn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

An experimental investigation has been carried out to study the effect of test environment on transition characteristics and the flow unsteadiness associated with the transition modes of a dual-bell nozzle. Cold-gas tests using gaseous nitrogen were carried out in (i) a horizontal test-rig with nozzle exhausting into atmospheric conditions and, (ii) a high altitude simulation chamber with nozzle operation under self-evacuation mode. Transient tests indicate that increasing δP0/δt (the rate of stagnation chamber pressure change) reduces the amplitude of pressure fluctuations of the separation shock at the wall inflection point. This is preferable from the viewpoint of lowering the possible risk of any structural failure during the transition mode. Sea-level tests show 15-17% decrease in the transition nozzle pressure ratio (NPR) during subsequent tests in a single run primarily due to frost formation in the nozzle extension up to the wall inflection location. Frost reduces the wall inflection angle and hence, the transition NPR. However, tests inside the altitude chamber show nearly constant NPR value during subsequent runs primarily due to decrease in back temperature with decrease in back pressure that prevents any frost formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-203
Number of pages13
JournalShock Waves
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dual-bell nozzle
  • Frost formation
  • Shock unsteadiness
  • Side-loads
  • Transition modes

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