Closely related receptor complexes differ in their ABA selectivity and sensitivity

Izabela Szostkiewicz, Klaus Richter, Michal Kepka, Simone Demmel, Yue Ma, Arthur Korte, Farhah F. Assaad, Alexander Christmann, Erwin Grill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

146 Scopus citations

Abstract

Summary The recent discovery of a variety of receptors has led to new models for hormone perception in plants. In the case of the hormone abscisic acid (ABA), which regulates plant responses to abiotic stress, perception seems to occur both at the plasma membrane and in the cytosol. The cytosolic receptors for ABA have recently been identified as complexes between protein phosphatases 2C (PP2C) and regulatory components (RCAR/PYR/PYL) that bind ABA. Binding of ABA to the receptor complexes inactivates the PP2Cs, thereby activating the large variety of physiological processes regulated by ABA. The Arabidopsis genome encodes 13 homologues of RCAR1 and approximately 80 PP2Cs, of which six in clade A have been identified as negative regulators of ABA responses. In this study we characterize a novel member of the RCAR family, RCAR3. RCAR3 was identified in a screen for interactors of the PP2Cs ABI1 and ABI2, which are key regulators of ABA responses. RCAR3 was shown to repress ABI1 and ABI2 in vitro, and to stimulate ABA signalling in protoplast cells. RCAR3 conferred greater ABA sensitivity to the PP2C regulation than RCAR1, whereas stereo-selectivity for (S)-ABA was less stringent with RCAR3 as compared with RCAR1. In addition, regulation of the protein phosphatase activity by RCAR1 and RCAR3 was more sensitive to ABA for ABI1 than for ABI2. Based on the differences we have observed in transcriptional regulation and biochemical properties, we propose a model whereby differential expression of the co-receptors and combinatorial assembly of the receptor complexes act in concert to modulate and fine-tune ABA responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-35
Number of pages11
JournalPlant Journal
Volume61
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010

Keywords

  • ABA
  • Bet v 1
  • Drought
  • Germination
  • Phytohormone
  • Pollen allergen
  • Receptor complex
  • Transpiration

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