Clinical and biomechanical outcomes following patellar tendon repair with suture tape augmentation

Maximilian Hinz, Stephanie Geyer, Felix Winden, Alexander Braunsperger, Florian Kreuzpointner, Markus Irger, Andreas B. Imhoff, Julian Mehl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Patellar tendon ruptures (PTR) occur predominantly in middle-aged patients following indirect trauma. The aim of this study was to quantify the short-term results using a suture tape augmentation technique for the repair of PTR. Methods: All consecutive patients with acute (< 6 weeks) PTR who underwent suture tape augmentation between 03/2014 and 11/2019 at a single institution with a minimum follow-up of 12 months were retrospectively evaluated. Outcome measures included Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for pain, Tegner Activity Scale (TAS) and return to sport rates, Lysholm score, International Knee Documentation Committee subjective knee form (IKDC) as well as Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS). Additionally, a standardized clinical examination and an isometric strength evaluation of knee extension and flexion were performed. It was hypothesized that high return to sport rates and good functional outcome would be observed and that the majority of patients would not present with a severe (> 20%) knee extension strength deficit when compared to the contralateral side. Results: A total of 7 patients (mean age 37.0 ± SD 13.5 years; 6 male/1 female) were available for final assessment at a median follow-up of 17.0 (25–75% IQR 16.0–77.0) months. Three injuries occurred during ball sports, two injuries occurred during winter sports, and one injury each occurred during a motorcycling and skateboarding accident. The average time between trauma and surgery was 4.7 ± 2.6 days. At follow-up, patients reported little pain (VAS: 0 [0–0.4]). Return to sport was possible for all patients 8.9 ± 4.0 months postoperatively at a high level (TAS: 7.0 [6.0–7.0]). Five patients (71.4%) returned to the preinjury level of play, and 2 (28.6%) did not return to the preinjury level of play. Patient-reported outcome measures were moderate to good (Lysholm score: 80.4 ± 14.5; IKDC: 84.2 ± 10.6; KOOS subscales: pain 95.6 ± 6.0, symptoms 81.1 [64.9–89.1], activities of daily living 98.5 [94.1–100], sport and recreation function 82.9 ± 14.1 and knee-related quality of life 75.9 ± 16.3). All patients were very satisfied (57.1%) or satisfied (42.9%) with the postoperative result. No postoperative complications were reported. Strength measurements revealed a severe knee extension deficit in 3 patients (42.9%), but no significant deficit of isometric knee extension or flexion strength in comparison with the contralateral side was observed overall (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Suture tape augmentation in acute PTR repair leads to good functional outcome without major complications. Although a severe knee extension strength deficit may occur in some patients postoperatively, an excellent return to sports rate and high patient satisfaction can be expected nonetheless. Level of evidence: Retrospective cohort study; III.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3569-3576
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology
Volume33
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Acute
  • Ball sports
  • Chronic
  • Internal brace
  • Quadriceps
  • Return to sports
  • Sports Injury
  • Winter sports

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