Climate responsive building design strategies of vernacular architecture in Nepal

Susanne Bodach, Werner Lang, Johannes Hamhaber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

134 Scopus citations


Vernacular architecture is the result of hundreds of years of optimization to provide a comfortable shelter in a local climate using available materials and known construction technologies. Due to the absence of mechanical means, traditional buildings use solar passive measures to achieve thermal comfort conditions. In most developing countries it can be observed that with the modernization of the building sector this traditional knowledge of smart and climate responsive design is being lost. Instead the modern building design is dominated by universal architecture that neglects local climate conditions and traditional construction techniques and materials. This paper reviews examples of vernacular architecture and its building elements in Nepal and analyses in a qualitative manner which bioclimatic design strategies were applied.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-242
Number of pages16
JournalEnergy and Buildings
StatePublished - Oct 2014


  • Bioclimatic design
  • Climate responsive building design
  • Developing country
  • Nepal
  • Traditional building techniques
  • Vernacular architecture


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