Chromatin binding of Gcn5 in Drosophila is largely mediated by CP190

Tamer Ali, Marcus Krüger, Sabin Bhuju, Michael Jarek, Marek Bartkuhn, Rainer Renkawitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Centrosomal 190 kDa protein (CP190) is a promoter binding factor, mediates long-range interactions in the context of enhancer-promoter contacts and in chromosomal domain formation. All Drosophila insulator proteins bind CP190 suggesting a crucial role in insulator function. CP190 has major effects on chromatin, such as depletion of nucleosomes, high nucleosomal turnover and prevention of heterochromatin expansion. Here, we searched for enzymes, which might be involved in CP190 mediated chromatin changes. Eighty percent of the genomic binding sites of the histone acetyltransferase Gcn5 are colocalizing with CP190 binding. Depletion of CP190 reduces Gcn5 binding to chromatin. Binding dependency was further supported by Gcn5 mediated co-precipitation of CP190. Gcn5 is known to activate transcription by histone acetylation. We used the dCas9 system to target CP190 or Gcn5 to a Polycomb repressed and H3K27me3 marked gene locus. Both, CP190 as well as Gcn5, activate this locus, thus supporting the model that CP190 recruits Gcn5 and thereby activates chromatin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2384-2395
Number of pages12
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Volume45
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 Mar 2017
Externally publishedYes

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