Chemostat studies of bacteriophage M13 infected Escherichia coli JM109 for continuous ssDNA production

Benjamin Kick, Karl Lorenz Behler, Timm Steffen Severin, Dirk Weuster-Botz

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3 Scopus citations


Steady state studies in a chemostat enable the control of microbial growth rate at defined reaction conditions. The effects of bacteriophage M13 infection on maximum growth rate of Escherichia coli JM109 were studied in parallel operated chemostats on a milliliter-scale to analyze the steady state kinetics of phage production. The bacteriophage infection led to a decrease in maximum specific growth rate of 15% from 0.74 h−1 to 0.63 h−1. Under steady state conditions, a constant cell specific ssDNA formation rate of 0.15 ± 0.004 mgssDNA gCDW −1 h−1 was observed, which was independent of the growth rate. Using the estimated kinetic parameters for E. coli infected with bacteriophage M13, the ssDNA concentration in the steady state could be predicted as function of the dilution rate and the glucose concentration in the substrate. Scalability of milliliter-scale data was approved by steady state studies on a liter-scale at a selected dilution rate. An ssDNA space-time yield of 5.7 mg L−1 h−1 was achieved with increased glucose concentration in the feed at a dilution rate of 0.3 h−1, which is comparable to established fed-batch fermentation with bacteriophage M13 for ssDNA production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-100
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biotechnology
StatePublished - 20 Sep 2017


  • Bacteriophage M13
  • Chemostat
  • Continuous fermentation
  • Escherichia coli JM109
  • Maximum growth rate
  • Single-stranded DNA


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