Chemical Vapor Deposition of Hollow Graphitic Spheres for Improved Electrochemical Durability

J. Knossalla, J. Mielby, D. Göhl, F. R. Wang, D. Jalalpoor, A. Hopf, K. J.J. Mayrhofer, M. Ledendecker, F. Schüth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The wet-chemical synthesis of hollow graphitic spheres, a highly defined model catalyst support for electrocatalytic processes, is laborious and not scalable, which hampers potential applications. Here, we present insights into the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of ferrocene as a simple, scalable method to synthesize hollow graphitic spheres (HGScvd). During the CVD process, iron and carbon are embedded in the pores of a mesoporous silica template. In a subsequent annealing step, iron facilitates the synthesis of highly ordered graphite structures. We found that the applied temperature treatment allows for controlling of the degree of graphitization and the textural properties of HGScvd. Further, we demonstrate that platinum loaded on HGScvd is significantly more stable during electrochemical degradation protocols than catalysts based on commercial high surface area carbons. The established CVD process allows the scalable synthesis of highly defined HGS and therefore removes one obstacle for a broader application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5840-5847
Number of pages8
JournalACS Applied Energy Materials
Issue number6
StatePublished - 28 Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • chemical vapor deposition
  • liquid-free synthesis
  • mesoporous carbon
  • stability enhancement


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