We report our analysis for the static energy in (2+1+1)-flavor QCD over a wide range of lattice spacings and several quark masses. We obtain results for the static energy out to distances of nearly 1 fm, allowing us to perform a simultaneous determination of the lattice scales r2, r1 and r0 as well as the string tension, σ. While our results for r0/r1 and r0 √σ agree with published (2+1)-flavor results, our result for r1/r2 differs significantly from the value obtained in the (2+1)-flavor case, likely due to the effect of the charm quark. We study in detail the effect of the charm quark on the static energy by comparing our results on the finest lattices with the previously published (2+1)-flavor QCD results at similar lattice spacing. The lattice results agree well with the two-loop perturbative expression of the static energy incorporating finite charm mass effects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number089
JournalProceedings of Science
StatePublished - 6 Apr 2023
Event39th International Symposium on Lattice Field Theory, LATTICE 2022 - Bonn, Germany
Duration: 8 Aug 202213 Aug 2022


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