Characterisation of human gait using a continuous-wave radar at 24 GHz

C. Hornsteiner, J. Detlefsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Human locomotion consists of a complex movement of various parts of the body. The reflections generated by body parts with different relative velocities result in different Doppler shifts which can be detected as a superposition with a Continuous-Wave (CW) Radar. A time-frequency transform like the short-time Fourier transform (STFT) of the radar signal allows a representation of the signal in both timeand frequency domain (spectrogram). It can be shown that even during one gait cycle the velocity of the torso, which constitutes the major part of the reflection, is not constant. Further a smaller portion of the signal is reflected from the legs. The velocity of the legs varies in a wide range from zero (foot is on the ground) to a velocity which is higher than that of the torso. The two dominant parameters which characterise the human gait are the step rate and the mean velocity. Both parameters can be deduced from suitable portions of the spectrogram. The statistical evaluation of the two parameters has the potential to be included for discrimination purposes either between different persons or between humans and other moving objects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-70
Number of pages4
JournalAdvances in Radio Science
StatePublished - 2008


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